Austro-Fascism

   A disputed term often applied to the authoritarian regime established in the First Austrian Republic between 1933 and 1934 under the chancellorship of Engelbert Dollfuss. Heavily influenced by the Italian model, Austro-Fascist ideas were especially prominent in circles connected with the Heimwehr and some elements of the Christian Social Party. Some of the thinking of the social philosopher Othmar Spann also figured in the movement. The heart of the program, however, lay in the Korneuburg Oath, presented at an all-Austrian Heimwehr festival on 18 June1930. Its chief author was Richard Steidle (1881–1940), who headed the Tyrolean wing of the movement. The program explicitly rejected Western parliamentary forms of government and the representative functions of political parties in the state. The organization of public opinion was to take place within corporative estates that represented sectors of society rather than individuals. Liberal capitalism and Marxist collectivism were deemed equally destructive to society.
   See also Austro-Marxism.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

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